The Fascinating World of Commercial Surrogacy: Where it`s Legal in 2023

Commercial surrogacy, a practice in which a woman carries and gives birth to a child for another individual or couple, has been the subject of much controversy and debate. While it is illegal in many countries, there are several nations where commercial surrogacy is legal. In blog post, explore some countries discuss regulations laws commercial surrogacy 2023.

Commercial Surrogacy Laws by Country in 2023

Below is a table outlining the countries where commercial surrogacy is legal in 2023:

Country Legality Commercial Surrogacy
India Legal
Ukraine Legal
Georgia Legal
Russia Legal
United States Legal certain states


India has long been a popular destination for couples seeking commercial surrogacy services. The country has relatively lax regulations surrounding surrogacy, making it an attractive option for intended parents from around the world. However, in recent years, India has been tightening its surrogacy laws in response to ethical concerns and instances of exploitation of surrogate mothers.


Ukraine has emerged as a leading destination for commercial surrogacy in recent years. The country has clear and well-defined laws governing surrogacy, providing a level of security and protection for all parties involved. As a result, Ukraine has seen an increase in international intended parents seeking surrogacy services within its borders.

United States

Commercial surrogacy is legal in certain states in the United States, such as California and Nevada. However, the legal landscape surrounding surrogacy varies widely from state to state, making it essential for intended parents to carefully consider their options and seek legal counsel before proceeding with a surrogacy arrangement in the US.

Case Studies

Let`s take a look at a couple of case studies to gain a better understanding of commercial surrogacy in these countries:

Case Study 1: India

A couple from the UK, unable to conceive on their own, decided to pursue commercial surrogacy in India. They found a reputable fertility clinic in Mumbai and were matched with a surrogate mother. After a successful pregnancy and birth, the couple was able to bring their baby back to the UK without any legal issues.

Case Study 2: Ukraine

An American same-sex couple chose to pursue surrogacy in Ukraine due to the clear legal framework surrounding surrogacy in the country. They worked with a surrogacy agency in Kiev and successfully welcomed their baby through a gestational carrier. The couple found the process to be relatively smooth and were grateful for the legal protections provided to them and their surrogate.

Commercial surrogacy continues to be a complex and evolving area of law and ethics. While it is legal in certain countries, the practice is not without its challenges and controversies. As we move into 2023, it is important for intended parents and surrogates to carefully consider the legal and ethical implications of pursuing commercial surrogacy and to seek guidance from qualified professionals. The countries where commercial surrogacy is legal offer unique opportunities for intended parents, but it is crucial to approach the process with caution and awareness of the laws and regulations in place.

Commercial Surrogacy Legal Contract 2023

This contract outlines the legal landscape of countries where commercial surrogacy is legal in 2023.

Country Commercial Surrogacy Status Relevant Laws
India Legal Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill, 2020
Ukraine Legal Family Code of Ukraine
Georgia Legal Law of Georgia on Healthcare
USA (California) Legal California Family Code
Mexico Legal Mexican Civil Code

Legal Q&A: Countries Where Commercial Surrogacy Legal 2023

Question Answer
1. Which countries allow commercial surrogacy in 2023? As of 2023, some of the countries that allow commercial surrogacy include Ukraine, Georgia, Russia, and some states in the United States like California.
2. What are the legal requirements for intended parents in these countries? In general, intended parents may need to meet certain criteria, such as being heterosexual couples or single women, and may need to provide evidence of infertility or medical need for surrogacy.
3. What are the rights of the surrogate in commercial surrogacy arrangements? Surrogates typically have the right to proper medical care, compensation, and legal representation. The specifics can vary by country and should be addressed in a surrogacy contract.
4. Are there any restrictions on the nationality or residency of intended parents? Some countries may restrictions nationality residency intended parents participating commercial surrogacy, so it’s important research specific laws country question.
5. What legal protections are in place for the child born through commercial surrogacy? The child’s parentage citizenship typically determined legal processes, including court orders and/or administrative procedures, ensure child’s rights protected.
6. Can same-sex couples or single men participate in commercial surrogacy in these countries? The eligibility same-sex couples single men vary country, it’s important understand specific laws social attitudes country interest.
7. Are there any laws or regulations regarding the use of donor gametes in commercial surrogacy? Some countries may have specific regulations regarding the use of donor gametes in surrogacy arrangements, including requirements for donor screening and genetic testing.
8. What legal considerations should intended parents be aware of when pursuing commercial surrogacy abroad? Intended parents should be mindful of potential legal challenges, such as immigration issues, parental rights, and the need for proper legal documentation to establish parentage of the child.
9. How does international law impact commercial surrogacy arrangements? International law can play a role in commercial surrogacy, particularly in cases involving cross-border surrogacy, as it may influence the recognition of parental rights and citizenship of the child.
10. What are the ethical implications of participating in commercial surrogacy in these countries? Participating in commercial surrogacy raises complex ethical considerations related to reproductive rights, exploitation, and the commodification of reproduction, which should be carefully considered by all parties involved.